Sunday, April 1, 2018

Dark matter, dark energy and light-vacuum interactions.




The other day I stumbled upon Lee Smolin’s book “The Trouble With Physics”.

The first result of this encounter was my post about a general decline in management in America (“When conforming to conformity leads to a social deterioration”).
A couple of days later I got the book and started to read it.
This note is the second result of the encounter with the book.
On pages 14 and 15 the author describes the problems of dark matter and dark energy. He states that there are only two explanations for the two facts, namely:
1.  Stars in galaxies spin faster than they should based on the visible amount of matter in the galaxies;
2.  The universe expands faster than it should (i.e. accelerates instead of decelerating) based on the visible amount of matter in the universe.


And those explanations are:
1.  The Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity is wrong;
or
2.  Dark matter and dark energy exist.
This situation is similar to the situation with the classical physics before the quantum mechanics was born. Newtonian mechanics and Maxwell's equations could explain everything. Well, besides a couple of things like, for example, the black-body radiation spectrum. Some physicists tried to save the Newton's and Maxwell's laws. But others decided to move forward.
No one knows yet if the General Relativity theory will survive the challenge posed by the two "dark sides of the universe". It is worth to search for all possible solutions of the challenge.
The fact that the universe expends does not necessarily mean that the universe expands from a singularity, i.e. from  dimensionless dot/point. What if the Big Bang created a "ball" of our universe?  Or, what if at t = 0 the whole universe had certain density?
When a stone hits the ground at 20 m/s, it does not mean it was released from rest 20 m above it. It might mean it was shot down from 15 m height starting moving at 10 m/s. The observable final state does not define the unique initial conditions. If our whole universe would have been created at once one second ago in exactly same state as it was one second ago (the key word is "exactly"), we, people, would never had a way to know it.
But let's return back to our conversation about "darkness in the universe". There is another option for explaining it, based on the fact that everything we know about distant galaxies is based on the “visible amount of matter” – the key word is “visible” (in the general meaning of the term – it includes all possible types of the registered radiation). What if the problem is not with WHAT we see, but with HOW we see it?
All astronomical observations are based on two hidden assumptions subconsciously and uncritically accepted by (almost) every astronomer (“the ideal picture of the cosmos”):
1.  The vacuum is an empty space;
2.  The light travels at "the speed of light" of 299,792,458 m/s. 
However, nowadays everyone knows that those assumptions are generally wrong.
1.  The vacuum is not an empty space, it is filled with virtual particles which affect actual particles/objects (e.g. the Casimir Effect).
2.  When light travels through a medium the interactions between the medium and the light lead to the decrease in its speed (even up to zero).
Since the vacuum is also a medium, interactions between the vacuum and light have to affect the speed of light.
That essentially quantum effect may be very small, but when light travels thousands or billions of light years it may lead to significant deviations from "the ideal picture of the cosmos".
For example, due to the light-vacuum scattering our astronomers may see only a part of the light initially emitted by the stars in other galaxies, hence, the “dark matter”.
Similarly, calculations of the locations of the distant galaxies, which ignore the vacuum-light slowing down, may simply lead to wrong results, such as the “dark energy”.
Of course, without any specific calculations this is not yet a theory, but merely a hint of a theory.
Of course, actual specific calculations may show that the light-vacuum interactions will not be able to explain the “dark matter” and “dark energy” phenomena.
But what if they will?
Note: there is a theory in which speed of photons may depend on their energy due to some quantum gravitational effects, but it is not applied to the mysteries of dark matter and dark energy.
BTW: There is a question which has always been puzzling me: if a “big bang” was a huge explosion (meaning radial movement away from the common point), how come that EVERYTHING in the universe SPINS (electrons in atoms, planets in stellar systems, starts in galaxies), but the universe is NOT? I want to believe that at the “bang” moment the universe had more than three special dimensions and was rotating in that multidimensional space. Some dimensions quickly died out, and our universe was actually born. And I am going to hold on this belief until scientists will prove it wrong.
Appendix I
Another "physics" paper (my two cents to the discussion about the meaning of quantum mechanics; FYI, didn't I tell that I am NOT a physicist, I do not do physics, I do education, including physics; but I have a physics paper published in a peer-reviewed magazine)


Thank you for visiting,
Dr. Valentin Voroshilov
Education Advancement Professionals

To learn more about my professional experience:

Appendix II
I was curious what would a professional in a field say, so sent an email to one of them with the link to this post.
Soon I got a response: "please, send me the text".
I did.
Since then - silence.
Silence always makes me trying to understand what could be the reason for that?
He could write back something like:
1. sorry, what you say is a complete nonsense.
or
2. sorry, that idea is very old and did not work out.
or
3. hm, this is an interesting idea, but no for me, for other people.
Instead, he decided to stop any communication.
Was he afraid that if he responded I would continue  communicating and he did not want that?
Was he so busy that spending extra minutes on my nonsense was too much?
In the eyes of a professional in the field my idea may be a complete nonsense, but the silence tells more about him than about my idea.


Appendix III: just for fun
acceptance and rejection of the submission from PRL:
esub-adm@aps.org


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JNL: PRL
TEMPID: es2018apr01_571
RECVD: Sun Apr 01 16:41:32 2018
TITLE: Dark matter, dark energy and light-vacuum interaction
AUTHORS: Voroshilov,Valentin
CORRA_LAST: Voroshilov
CORRA_FIRST: Valentin
CORRA_MIDDLE:
CORRA_OTHER:
EMAIL: valbu@bu.edu
ADDRESS: 590 Commonwealth Ave.
Physics Department, BU
Boston, MA, 02215
PHONE: 1+617-918-3656
FAX:
ART_TYPE: Letter
PREVIOUS_VERSION:
SEQUEL:
SECTION: L0-04C
TYPE: TH
CONCEPTS:
  Research Areas: Dark matter (Primary) | Dark energy
NFIGS: 0
COLORFIGS: no
LENGTHCHECK:
REFCHECK:
REFEREES:
NOTES:
Justification:
visionary

By submitting this manuscript, the corresponding author certifies:
- The paper represents original work of the listed authors.
- The manuscript as presented accurately reflects the scientific results.
- All of the authors made significant contributions to the concept,
design, execution, or interpretation of the research study.
- All those who made significant contributions were offered the
opportunity to be listed as authors.

- All of the listed authors are aware of and agree to the submission
of this manuscript.
- The manuscript has not been published, and is not now and will not be
under consideration by another journal while it is considered here.
- The authors have provided information to the editors about relevant
unpublished manuscripts, including whether any version of this manuscript
was previously considered by an APS journal.
- The authors accept the established procedures for selecting
manuscripts for publication.

prltex@aps.org
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Re: LR15651
    Dark matter, dark energy and light-vacuum interaction
    by Valentin Voroshilov

Dear Dr. Voroshilov,
We have successfully generated output from the manuscript file sent to our Editorial Office.  The manuscript is being processed and has been assigned the accession code number cited above.  This code number should be included in all future correspondence.

Once information concerning your manuscript has been put into our database, the above code number may be used to obtain current information regarding the status of your manuscript from the Author Status Inquiry System (ASIS) at http://authors.aps.org/STATUS/  Note that depending on workloads in the office and other factors, preliminary
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Thank you for your cooperation.
Yours sincerely,
Editorial Systems
Physical Review Letters
Email: prltex@aps.org


prl@aps.org
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Re: LR15651
    Dark matter, dark energy and light-vacuum interaction
    by Valentin Voroshilov

Dear Dr. Voroshilov,
Your manuscript has been considered.  We regret to inform you that we have concluded that it is not suitable for publication in any APS
journal.

Yours sincerely,
Robert Garisto
Editor
Physical Review Letters

acceptance and rejection of the submission from arxiv.org:
e-prints@arxiv.org


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We have received your submission to arXiv. Your temporary submission identifier is: submit/2214196.
You may update your submission at: https://arxiv.org/submit/2214196

Your article is scheduled to be announced at Tue, 3 Apr 2018 00:00:00 GMT. The abstract will appear in the subsequent mailing as displayed below, except that the submission identifier will be replaced by the official arXiv identifier. Updates before Mon, 2 Apr 2018 18:00:00 GMT will
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arXiv admin

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\\
arXiv:submit/2214196
From: Valentin Voroshilov <valbu@bu.edu>
Date: Sun, 1 Apr 2018 16:33:37 EST   (112kb)

Title: Dark matter, dark energy and light-vacuum interactions
Authors: Valentin Voroshilov
Categories: physics.gen-ph
Comments: 1 page
DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21384.72964
\\
  It is commonly accepted that there are only two explanations for the current astronomical observations The Einstein Theory of General Relativity is wrong or Dark matter and dark energy exist. However there is the third option based on the fact that everything we know about distant galaxies is based on the visible amount of matter
\\

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