If you read various publications on the matter you see that the most of the authors boil their views down to one statement: “A science is evidence based, and a religion is faith based” ("evidence" or "experiments" v. "faith" or "beliefs" is the most common dichotomy).
There many kinds of religions and their variations (Christianity - Catholics, protestants, various orthodox, Judaism, Muslim, Hindu, and more). However, there are only two types of religion: authoritarian and moralistic. In an authoritarian type the figure of authority (a preacher) tells to the folks: "God tells me what you must do, so, do what I say". In a moralistic type, it is: "God tells me what you should do, and I tell you. The rest is between you and God". Every religion has groups preaching one type or another. But Some religions tend to be more authoritarian and some less.
Essentially, there are two types of religious people:
1. people who exercise religion to govern their own morality;
2. people who exercise religion to feed their own ego, to manipulate with other people, to ensure their domination over other people.
I have no issues with the people of the first type, but I try to expose the fake nature of the others.
Everyone who claims he or she is religious automatically imposes on himself/herself the Golden Rule. If that person does not follow the Golden Rule, that person automatically opens himself/herself to any ridicule.
Appendix: On a definition of “a law” and “a science”
Thank you for visiting,
Dr. Valentin Voroshilov
Education Advancement Professionals
The voices of my students
"The Backpack Full of Csah": pointing at a problem, not offering a solution
Essentials of Teaching Science