There are many competing or complementary approaches, ideologies, philosophies, theories offered to help science teachers with mastering their teaching practice.
The combination of words “the product, which is a model designed …” represents the fact that, essentially, at their core, modeling instruction and design thinking are two equivalent representations of a productive thinking.
Productivity is the exclusive property of human intelligence. “Intelligence is the property of a system; the mission, the reason for its existence, and the core ability of intelligence is creating solutions to problems which have never been solved before (by that system).”
Essentially, the mission of a teacher - of any teacher - is to educate people who will be able to design the strategy for achieving the previously established goals. Naturally, for achieving this professional goal a teacher needs to be able to design his/her own professional strategy.
Unfortunately, currently many science teachers do not know how to do that, and not many professional development programs help teachers to master this practice.
Education Advancement Professionals (EAP) is one of the few programs which teaches teachers how to teach students how to think as a scientist. The program is based on the scientific, methodological and educational advancements developed and represents in the oldest developed natural science - physics. EAP is also the only professional development agency in the field of education that offers for teachers and administrators workshops on "Professional Designing".
It is just a fact that physics represents the oldest and the most developed natural science. That is why physics represents the subject which is the best suited for the development of a scientific thinking.